|Corr I 392
Psychological Anthropology/Saucier: Psychological anthropology has developed a way of taking account of culture’s heterogeneity, through a ‘distributive model of culture’. The first explicit versions of a distributive model were put forward by Devereux (1945)(1), Spiro (1951(2)) and Wallace (1961)(3). Schwartz (1978)(4) and Goodenough (1981)(5) provided the fullest versions.
Schwartz: For Schwartz, to define culture one must define its representation in individuals. This he calls the ‘idioverse’. It is the individual’s portion of his/her culture, an open system, subject to change . It can be more clearly defined as the total set of cognitive, evaluative and affective constructs – the schemas, or construals of (and rules and standards about) events, objects and persons (both self and others) – held by the individual. The idioverse (mindset) is an organizing system that generates regularities in thought, emotion and behaviour. It is a personality system. See >Culture/Schwartz, >Culture/Goodenough.
1. Devereux, G. 1945. The logical foundations of culture and personality studies, Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences Series 2, 7: 110–30
2. Spiro, M. E. 1951. Culture and personality: the natural history of a false dichotomy, Psychiatry 14: 19–46
3. Wallace, A. F. C. 1961. Culture and personality. New York: Random House
4. Schwartz, T. 1978. Where is the culture? Personality as the distributive locus of culture, in G. D. Spindler (ed.), The making of psychological anthropology, pp. 419–41. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
5. Goodenough, W. H. 1981. Culture, language, and society. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018