Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Slater I 170
Reputation/self-esteem/cultural psychology: Despite the greater emphasis on modesty norms in East Asia as compared to the West, the acknowledgment of positive information about the self is not seen as inappropriate in all contexts. Heyman, Fu, and Lee(2008)(1) found that 10- and 1 1-year-olds in China were more likely than their counterparts in the U.S. to believe it is appropriate to disclose information about successful performance to poorly performing peers.
Although American children tended to view this form of disclosure as an act of showing off, Chinese children tended to view it as an implicit offer of help to poorly performing students. This finding suggests that the extent to which truthfully acknowledging one’s accomplishments is morally acceptable depends upon a culture’s valuations about how and when the acknowledgment is likely to be received.


1. Heyman, G. D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2008). Reasoning about the disclosure of success and failure to friends among children in the US and China. Developmental Psychology, 44,908—918.


Gail D. Heyman and Kang Lee, “Moral Development. Revisiting Kohlberg’s Stages“, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Cultural Psychology
Slater I
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012


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