|Corr I 391
Culture/cultural psychology/Saucier: A mainstream definition in cultural psychology is this: culture is ‘the set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviours shared by a group of people, communicated from one generation to the next via language or some other means of communication’ (Matsumoto 1997(1), pp. 4–5).
Saucier: Thus, culture is shared patterns. But shared by whom? How much has to be shared for two persons to be considered as from the same culture? The definition is fuzzy and hard to operationalize: ‘there are necessarily no hard and fast rules of how to determine what a culture is or who belongs to that culture’ (Matsumoto 1997(1), p. 5).
Corr I 392
SaucierVsMatsumoto/SaucierVsCaultural Psychology: A problem with this definition is that it prompts one to look for the (one) pattern shared by a whole distinct group, relying on the common but unexamined assumption that cultures are homogeneous. >Culture/Saucier.
1. Matsumoto, D. 1997. Culture and modern life. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009