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Personality system/neuroscience/Saucier: contemporary neuroscience [has developed] promising theories that posit distinct brain systems or circuits, and then link individual differences in the functioning of these systems/circuits, via psychobiological endophenotypes, to overt personality characteristics. A prime example is the set of theories (e.g., Carver and White 1994(1); Torrubia, Avila, Molto and Caseras 2001(2)), emanating originally from Gray (1983)(3) that set out distinct brain systems for approach (or reward-sensitivity, or behavioural activation) and avoidance (or withdrawal, or threat- or punishment-sensitivity, or behavioural inhibition), sometimes adding a third ‘constraint’ or self-regulation system (Carver 2005(4); cf. Rothbart and Bates 1998(5)).
1. Carver, C. S. and White, T. 1994. Behavioural inhibition, behavioural activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: the BIS/BAS scales, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 67: 319–33
2. Torrubia, R., Avila, C., Molto, J. and Caseras, X. 2001. The Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ) as a measure of Gray’s anxiety and impulsivity dimensions, Personality and Individual Differences 31: 837–62
3. Gray, J. A. 1983. Where should we search for biologically based dimensions of personality?, Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie 42: 163–74
4. Carver, C. S. 2005. Impulse and constraint: perspectives from personality psychology, convergence with theory in other areas, and potential for integration, Personality and Social Psychology Review 9: 312–33
5. Rothbart, M. K. and Bates, J. E. 1998. Temperament, in W. Damon (Series ed.) and N. Eisenberg (Vol. ed.), Handbook of child psychology, vol. III, Social, emotional and personality development, 5th edn, pp. 105–76. New York: Wiley
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018