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Personality system/Mischel/Saucier: Mischel and colleagues have proposed a cognitive-affective personality system that includes prominently
(a) the encoding or appraisal of particular types of situations;
(b) expectancies and values that may become activated if relevant in a situation;
(c) competencies; and
(d) self-regulatory strategies. These components interact in relation to the particular type of situation the individual encounters, generating the overt behavioural pattern (Mischel 1999)(1).
A distinct feature of this approach is that overt attributes – personality dispositions – are seen contextually and conditionally, appearing based on the type of situation present. A partially related description of the personality system is provided by Cervone and Pervin (2008)(2), who see the operation of the system in terms of four principal types of variables: beliefs and expectancies, evaluative standards, goals and skills/competencies.
1. Mischel, W. 1999. Personality coherence and dispositions in a Cognitive-Affective Personality System (CAPS) approach, in D. Cervone and Y. Shoda (eds.), The coherence of personality: social-cognitive bases of consistency, variability, and organization, pp. 37–60. New York: Guilford
2. Cervone, D. and Pervin, L. A. 2008. Personality: theory and research, 10th edn. New York: Wiley
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018