Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 391
Personality system/Mischel/Saucier: Mischel and colleagues have proposed a cognitive-affective personality system that includes prominently
(a) the encoding or appraisal of particular types of situations;
(b) expectancies and values that may become activated if relevant in a situation;
(c) competencies; and
(d) self-regulatory strategies. These components interact in relation to the particular type of situation the individual encounters, generating the overt behavioural pattern (Mischel 1999)(1).
A distinct feature of this approach is that overt attributes – personality dispositions – are seen contextually and conditionally, appearing based on the type of situation present. A partially related description of the personality system is provided by Cervone and Pervin (2008)(2), who see the operation of the system in terms of four principal types of variables: beliefs and expectancies, evaluative standards, goals and skills/competencies.


1. Mischel, W. 1999. Personality coherence and dispositions in a Cognitive-Affective Personality System (CAPS) approach, in D. Cervone and Y. Shoda (eds.), The coherence of personality: social-cognitive bases of consistency, variability, and organization, pp. 37–60. New York: Guilford
2. Cervone, D. and Pervin, L. A. 2008. Personality: theory and research, 10th edn. New York: Wiley



Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Mischel, Walter
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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