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Neuroticism/Behavioral Genetics/Munafò: Neuroticism, as measured using the class of questionnaires derived from Costa and McCrae’s (1997)(1) NEO-PI, NEO-PI-R, NEO FFI and Eysenck and Eysenck’s (1975)(2) EPI, EPQ, EPQ-R models of personality, reflects anxiety and negative affect. Harm avoidance, as measured using the class of questionnaires derived from Cloninger’s (1986)(3) tridimensional theory of personality and temperament (TCI, TPQ), reflects sensitivity to signals of punishment. These measures are commonly assumed to reflect a common underlying mechanism, although this is debated (Schinka, Busch and Robichaux-Keene 2004(4); Sen, Burmeister and Ghosh 2004)(5). >Extraversion/Behavioral Genetics.
1. Costa, P. T., Jr and McCrae, R. R. 1997: Stability and change in personality assessment: the revised NEO Personality Inventory in the year 2000, Journal of Personality Assessment 68: 86–94
2. Eysenck, H. J. and Eysenck, S. B. G. 1975. Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. London: Hodder and Stoughton
3. Cloninger, C. R. 1986. A unified biosocial theory of personality and its role in the development of anxiety states, Psychiatric Developments 4: 167–226
4. Schinka, J. A., Busch, R. M. and Robichaux-Keene, N. 2004. A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxiety, Molecular Psychiatry 9: 197–202
5. Sen, S., Burmeister, M. and Ghosh, D. 2004. Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits, American Journal of Medical Genetics B Neuropsychiatric Genetics 127: 85–9
Marcus R. Munafò,“Behavioural genetics: from variance to DNA“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.)2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009