Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Selection: Selection in evolution theory is the process by which organisms with beneficial traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on those traits to their offspring. This process leads to changes in the population over time. See also Evolution, Darwinism, Mutation, Fitness, Survival.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Evolutionary Psychology on Selection - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 269
Selection/evolutionary psychology/Figueredo: Geary (2005)(1) has classified the selective pressures on ancestral humans into three basic types:
(1) climactic,
(2) ecological, and
(3) social.
After reviewing much of the available evidence, he concludes that the major selective pressures on both recent human ancestors and modern humans have been social in nature.
FigueredoVsGeary: While we agree that social selection provides the most immediate and constant set of adaptive problems needing to be solved by humans, we disagree about the relative lack of importance assigned to the climactic and the ecological forces. Instead, as proposed by Richerson and Boyd (2000)(2) we take the view that changes in social structure were likely an adaptive solution to selective pressures originating with climactic and ecological variability. By solving these adaptive problems through social behaviour, novel adaptive problems arose linked directly to social selection.
>Ecology/evolutionary psychology
, >Niches/evolutionary psychology, >Adaption/evolutionary psychology.

1. Geary, D. C. 2005. The origin of mind: evolution of brain, cognition, and general intelligence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press
2. Richerson, P. J. and Boyd, R. 2000. The Pleistocene and the origins of human culture: built for speed, in N. S. Thompson and F. Tonneau (eds.), Perspectives in ethology: evolution, culture,

Aurelio José Figueredo, Paul Gladden, Geneva Vásquez, Pedro Sofio, Abril Wolf and Daniel Nelson Jones, “Evolutionary theories of personality”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Evolutionary Psychology
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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