|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
|Corr I 266
Causality/causation/evolutionary psychology: In our view, ultimate causation (‘why’) questions can be applied as well to genetically variable traits, such as personality traits, as they can to more species-typical human traits.
Theories of evolutionary adaptive significance provide a framework that can inform personality theorists about
(a) whether there are adaptive functions for the genetic differences that influence variation in personality characteristics and what those functions are;
(b) potential new aspects of mechanisms governing personality structure;
(c) what aspects of an individual’s developmental environment should be expected to affect that individual;
(d) how and to what degree individuals should be affected by different environments; and
(e) why personality traits are responsive to environmental modulation.
((s) For the philosophical discussion of problems in relation to >causality and >causal explanations, see there.)
Aurelio José Figueredo, Paul Gladden, Geneva Vásquez, Pedro Sofio, Abril Wolf and Daniel Nelson Jones, “Evolutionary theories of personality”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018