Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).


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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Corr I 266
Causality/causation/evolutionary psychology: In our view, ultimate causation (‘why’) questions can be applied as well to genetically variable traits, such as personality traits, as they can to more species-typical human traits.
Theories of evolutionary adaptive significance provide a framework that can inform personality theorists about
(a) whether there are adaptive functions for the genetic differences that influence variation in personality characteristics and what those functions are;
(b) potential new aspects of mechanisms governing personality structure;
(c) what aspects of an individual’s developmental environment should be expected to affect that individual;
(d) how and to what degree individuals should be affected by different environments; and
(e) why personality traits are responsive to environmental modulation.
((s) For the philosophical discussion of problems in relation to >causality and >causal explanations, see there.)


Aurelio José Figueredo, Paul Gladden, Geneva Vásquez, Pedro Sofio, Abril Wolf and Daniel Nelson Jones, “Evolutionary theories of personality”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Evolutionary Psychology
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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