|Person, philosophy: A thinking and sentient being that distinguishes itself from others. In the course of the history of philosophy, further determinations have been agreed on or disregarded, e.g. rationality, autonomy, not-being-able-to-be-possessed. While the human and his body age, the person has no temporal stages. See also individual, law, continuants, identity._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Person/Rogers/Shaver/Mikulincer: defining features of the fully functioning person: openness to experience, existential living, organismic trust, experiential freedom and creativity. Secure people are able to experience their thoughts and feelings deeply and openly disclose these feelings to significant others, even if the thoughts and feelings are threatening and painful. (Rogers 1961)(1)
Research supports the claim that secure individuals are more likely than insecure ones to exhibit all of therse features: Collins and Read 1990(2); Mallinckrodt, Porter and Kivlighan 2005(3); Mikulincer and Orbach 1995(4).
1. Rogers, C. R. 1961. On becoming a person. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin
2. Collins, N. L. and Read, S. J. 1990. Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58: 644–63
3. Mallinckrodt, B., Porter, M. J. and Kivlighan, D. M., Jr 2005. Client attachment to therapist, depth of in-session exploration, and object relations in brief psychotherapy, Psychotherapy 42: 85–100
4. Mikulincer, M. and Orbach, I. 1995. Attachment styles and repressive defensiveness: the accessibility and architecture of affective memories, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 68: 917–25
Phillip R. Shaver and Mario Mikulincer, “Developmental, psychodynamic and optimal-functioning aspects”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018