|Intelligence: intelligence is the ability to recognize patterns in presented information or to recognize possibilities for supplementing and transforming known patterns that go beyond repetitions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Corr I 169
Intelligence/Developmental psychology/Ackerman: There have been a few studies that have followed the same individuals from birth to adult ages that have examined both personality traits and intellectual growth and change. These older studies (e.g., Bayley 1968(1); Haan 1963(2); Kagan, Sontag, Baker and Nelson 1958)(3) have all indicated that increases in relative standing on broad measures of intellectual ability during development are associated with positively-oriented personality traits, such as nAch (need for achievement), higher levels of coping, and lower levels of defence mechanisms. In contrast, individuals who show declines in relative intelligence levels tested to be more hostile, negativistic and have higher levels of traditionalism.
1. Bayley, N. 1968. Behavioural correlates of mental growth: birth to thirty-six years, American Psychologist 23: 1–17
2. Haan, N. 1963. Proposed model of ego functioning: coping and defense mechanisms in relation to IQ change, Psychological Monographs (No. 571)
3. Kagan, J., Sontag, L. W., Baker, C. T. and Nelson, V. L. 1958. Personality and IQ change, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 56: 261–6
Phillip L. Ackerman, “Personality and intelligence”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009