Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Individuals: In philosophy, individuals are entities that are distinct from other entities. They are typically characterized by their own unique properties and experiences. Individuals can be physical objects, such as humans, animals, and plants, or they can be non-physical objects, such as minds, souls, and thoughts. See also Particulars, Individuation.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Developmental Psychology on Individuals - Dictionary of Arguments

Upton I 5
Individuals/Developmental psychology/Upton: Question: To which extend is the development driven by external factors or by something inside each individual (>Environment/Developmenal psychology
).
Tradition: Traditional views of development see the individual as passive in their development. Empiricists see the child as a passive recipient of stimuli, while nativists see the child as passively following a biological programme.
VsEmpiricism: Most contemporary theories of development recognise an active role for children in their own development. This thinking has its roots in the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, who argued for a synthesis of nativism and empiricism.
>Psychological Development/Kant.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology
Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011


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