Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 133
Cultural psychology/cultural differences/generalizability/five-factor model/personality traits/De Raad: replicability. In pursuit of a cross-lingual trait-structure, Hofstee, Kiers, De Raad et al. (1997)(1), De Raad, Perugini and Szirmák (1997)(2) and De Raad, Perugini, Hrebícková and Szarota (1998)(3) compared several psycholexically derived five factor structures using psychometric criteria. The general conclusion of those studies was that congruence coefficients calculated for corresponding Big Five factors suggested the replicability of the first three factors of the Big Five (Extraversion, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness) and moderate replicability of the fourth factor, Emotional Stability. Moreover, cross-cultural comparisons based on the substance of Big Five factors from six different psycholexical studies also led to the conclusion that Extraversion, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness are cross-culturally coherent, Emotional Stability and Intellect are not (De Raad and Peabody 2005(4); Peabody and De Raad 2002)(5).
See also >Language/Psychological theories.


1. Hofstee, W. K. B., Kiers, H. A. L., De Raad, B., Goldberg, L. R. and Ostendorf, F. 1997. A comparison of Big-Five structures of personality traits in Dutch, English, and German, European Journal of Personality 11: 15-31
2. De Raad, B., Perugini, M. and Szirmák, Z. 1997. In pursuit of a cross-lingual reference structure of personality traits: comparisons among five languages, European Journal of Personality 11: 167–85
3. De Raad, B., Perugini, M., Hrébicková, M. and Szarota, P. 1998. Lingua franca of personality: taxonomies and structures based on the psycholexical approach, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 29: 212–32
4. De Raad, B. and Peabody, D. 2005. Cross-culturally recurrent personality factors: analyses of three factors, European Journal of Personality 19: 451–74
5. Peabody, D. and De Raad, B. 2002. The substantive nature of psycholexical personality factors: a comparison acrosss languages, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83: 983–97

Boele De Raad, “Structural models of personality”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
De Raad, Boele
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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