|Concept: term for an entity with certain properties. The properties of an object correspond to the features of the concept. These concept features are necessary in contrast to the properties of an individual object, which are always contingent._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Concepts/language/personality traits/McCrae: The people of two different cultures might have identical traits, but a factor that is richly represented in the vocabulary of the first culture might be missing from the vocabulary of the second. McCrae (1990)(1) noted that there are relatively few English-language adjectives that reflect O ((s) >Openness). For example, there is no single term that designates sensitivity to aesthetic experience; ‘artistic’ comes closest, and it refers to the producer rather than the consumer of art. Yet surely English speakers are capable of responding to beauty (McCrae 2007)(2). Other researchers have argued that entirely new factors are needed. Cheung and her colleagues (Cheung, Cheung, Leung et al. 2003(3); Cheung, Leung, Fan et al. 1996)(4) developed an inventory based on indigenous Chinese personality characteristics, which was subsequently translated into English.
1. McCrae, R. R. 1990. Traits and trait names: how well is Openness represented in natural languages?, European Journal of Personality 4: 119–29
2. McCrae, R. R. 2007. Aesthetic chills as a universal marker of Openness to Experience, Motivation and Emotion 31: 5–11
3. Cheung, F., Cheung, S. F., Leung, K., Ward, C. and Leong, F. 2003. The English version of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 34: 433–52
4. Cheung, F. M., Leung, K., Fan, R. M., Song, W. Z., Zhang, J. X. and Zhang, J. P. 1996. Development of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 27: 181–99
Robert R. McCrae, “The Five-Factor Model of personality traits: consensus and controversy”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|McCrae, Robert R.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018