|Corr I 28
Situations/Lewin, Kurt: Kurt Lewin (1936)(1) expressed it in terms of his classic formula, B = f (P, S) (behaviour is a function of an interaction between the person and the situation). This implies that if a researcher knew everything there was to know about a person, psychologically, and also knew everything there was to know about the psychological aspects of the situation he or she was in, the ability to predict the individual’s behaviour should follow as a matter of course. More recent writings have suggested that the three elements of Lewin’s formula – behaviour, person and situation – form a ‘personality triad’ in the sense that if any two were completely understood, the third should in principle be derivable (Funder 2006(2); see also Bandura 1978(3)), which suggests two additional formulae. See >Situations/Funder.
1. Lewin, K. 1936. Principles of topographical psychology. New York, NY: McGraw Hill
2. Funder, D. C. 2006. Towards a resolution of the personality triad: persons, situations and behaviours, Journal of Research in Personality 40: 21–34
3. Bandura, A. 1978. The self-system in reciprocal determinism, American Psychologist 33: 344–58
Seth A Wagerman & David C. Funder, “Personality psychology of situations”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018