Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 135
Personality/psychological theories/p-factor/De Raad: It makes sense to identify (…)a single basic [unrotated] factor, called p-factor by Hofstee (2001)(1) who made a parallel with the structure of intelligence. The p-factor draws its meaning from the positive manifold among the large majority of personality traits (cf., Hofstee and Ten Berge 2004(2)).
Arguments for a single general personality factor have previously been given by Webb (1915)(3), who tried to identify a general factor of character next to a general factor of intelligence (‘g’), and defined it as the ‘sum of all personal qualities which are not distinctly intellectual’ (Webb 1915, p. 2).


1. Hofstee, W. K. B. 2001. Intelligence and personality: do they mix?, in J. M. Collis and S. Messick (eds.), Intelligence and personality: bridging the gap in theory and measurement, pp. 43–60. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
2. Hofstee, W. K. B. and Ten Berge, J. M. F. 2004. Personality in proportion: a bipolar proportional scale for personality assessments and its consequences for trait structure, Journal of Personality Assessment 83: 120–7
3. Webb, E. 1915. Character and intelligence: an attempt at an exact study of character. Cambridge University Press


Boele De Raad, “Structural models of personality”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Psychological Theories
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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