|Constructivism, philosophy: the thesis that the objects of the external world, together with their properties and relations are constructed by the brain to other objects and their relations to us. Constructivist styles are differently strong in their assumptions about the existence and recognizability of an objective, independent reality. See also Autopoiesis, system theory, Luhmann, Maturana._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Upton I 7
Constructivism/Psychological theories/Upton: Constructivism argues that learning and development occur when an individual interacts with the environment around them. Individuals are seen as active learners who construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world from their actions upon the environment. Development is suggested to take place in sequential stages and children’s thinking is proposed to be different from that of adults. Proponents: e.g., Jean Piaget. >Thinking/Piaget._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology 2011