|Corr I 232
Unconscious/Bowlby/attachment theory/ Shaver/Mikulincer: Bowlby (1973)(1) assumed that the residues of (…) social encounters are stored as mental representations of person-environment transactions, which he called working models of self and other, and that these representations shape the functioning of a person’s behavioural system and the way he or she behaves in particular social situations. These models presumably operate mainly at a cortical level and in both unconscious and fairly reflective and intentional ways. Even when they initially operate consciously, however, with repeated use they can become automatic and unconscious, either as most well-formed habits do or by virtue of motivated defensive manoeuvres. These models are an important source of within-person continuity over time and individual differences between persons, so they are properly regarded as important aspects of personality.
1. Bowlby, J. 1973. Attachment and loss, vol. II, Separation: anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books
Phillip R. Shaver and Mario Mikulincer, “Attachment theory: I. Motivational, individual-differences and structural aspects”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009