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Camps: Refugee camps are temporary settlements providing shelter, basic necessities, and protection for people fleeing conflict, persecution, or natural disasters. These camps, often run by governments or humanitarian organizations, offer food, water, healthcare, and sometimes education to displaced individuals or families awaiting a more permanent solution, such as repatriation, resettlement, or asylum status.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Giorgio Agamben on Camps - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 822
Camp/Agamben: the form (Agamben: "topology") that the political takes on through the introduction of the concept of "naked life" is that of the "camp": the camp "as a biopolitical paradigm of modernity" ("nomos of modernity" (1)) See State/Agamben
, Life/Agamben.
Brocker I 828
The camp appears as a hidden paradigm of the political space of modernism. This becomes understandable when one interprets politics as biopolitics, which is about "naked" life - in contrast to a policy that regards the citizen as a subject. The camp refers to political structures of the state of emergency (see Exception/Terminology/Agamben). As examples of "camps" Agamben cites reception camps for refugees or, for example, Guantanamo in Cuba: ultimately rooms without law.
VsAgamben: In this context Agamben was accused of historical inadequacy: his thesis establishes a comparability between events that are not historically and ethically comparable.
AgambenVsVs/Muhle: his thesis must be taken seriously as a structural thesis insofar as it refers to the fact that states of emergency and thus lawless spaces can also be produced within the borders of Western democracies that are consolidated under the rule of law, and thus here too naked life emerges as the original political subject.
Brocker I 829
Camp/Agamben: it is about understanding the camp not as an "anomaly" of the past, but rather "as a hidden matrix, as nómos of the political space in which we still live today". (2) It should be emphasized here that the camps do not emerge from ordinary law, nor that they are a form of prison law, but that they are "derived from the state of emergency and martial law". The camp offers a "permanent spatial institution" (3) for the otherwise temporary state of emergency.

1.Giorgio Agamben, Homo sacer. Il potere sovrano e la nuda vita, Torino 1995. Dt.: Giorgio Agamben, Homo sacer – Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben, Frankfurt/M. 2002, s. 175.
2. Ibid.
3. Ibid. p. 178

Maria Muhle, „Giorgio Agamben, Homo sacer – Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben“, in: Manfred Brocker (Ed.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Agamben I
Giorgio Agamben
Homo sacer – Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben Frankfurt 2002

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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