Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Melvin Pollner on Rationality - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas III 32
Rationality/Mundane Reasoning/Environment/Pollner/Habermas: a phenomenological approach that examines the conditions for the recognition of a shared environment with the possibility of shared experiences rather than presupposing it, must analyse what Melvin Pollner calls "mundane reasoning" with reference to Alfred Schütz:
Pollner: That a community orients itself through a world which is essentially constant, as one which is known and knowable to others, provides that community with the justifiable grounds for asking questions of a particular sort of which a prototypical representative is „How come, he sees it and you do not?“. (1)
Habermas III 33
Pollner: it is not the inter-subjectivity of the world that is called into question, but the adequacy of the methods through which the world is experienced and with which it reacts to it. (2)

1.M. Pollner, Mundane Reasoning, Phil. Soc. Scie. 4, 1974, 40.
2. ibid. p. 47f.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Melvin Pollner
Mundane Reason: Reality in Everyday and Sociological Discourse Cambridge 2010

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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