Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Science: Science is a systematic process of acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. It is based on the assumption that the universe is governed by natural laws that can be discovered through scientific inquiry. See also Method, Review, Knowledge, Verification, Confirmation.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

James Surowiecki on Science - Dictionary of Arguments

I 224
Science/Surowiecki: the fate of Western science is: will it survive the growing commercialization? If the large companies finance a steadily growing share of research, ((s) and) believe that they have to keep information from economic interests secret, this could fundamentally change science.
I 225
Science/Warren Hagstrom: Thesis: Science is not an exchange, but a "gift-giving economy". ((s) Surowiecki does not indicate a source for the quote of Hagstrom).
I 226
Confidence/Science/Surowiecki: actually, there is no need for trust, since experiments have to be repeatable.
I 227
Problem: most experiments are never repeated.
>Experiments.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Surowi I
James Surowiecki
Die Weisheit der Vielen: Warum Gruppen klüger sind als Einzelne und wie wir das kollektive Wissen für unser wirtschaftliches, soziales und politisches Handeln nutzen können München 2005


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