Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Political economy: Classical political economy, founded by Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Karl Marx, was concerned in particular with the distribution of income and wealth, the role of government in the economy, and the effects of economic growth on society. See also Economics, A. Smith, D. Ricardo, K. Marx.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Karl Marx on Political Economy - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 276
Political economy/natural law/Marx/Habermas: while modern doctrines of natural law could neglect the autonomy of a functionally stabilized bourgeois society from the rationally constructed state, the classics of political economy tried to prove that the system imperatives basically harmonized with the basic norms of a community that guarantee freedom and justice.
MarxVsPolitical Economy/Habermas: In the form of a critique of the political economy, Marx has destroyed this illusion with practical consequences; he has shown that the laws of capitalist goods production have the latent function of maintaining a class structure that mocks bourgeois ideals. Marx devaluates the world of the capitalist carrier layers, which interprets itself in rational natural law and in general in the ideals of bourgeois culture, into a socio-cultural superstructure. With the image of basis and superstructure, he also expresses the methodical demand to exchange the internal perspective of the lifeworld for an observer perspective from which the a tergo system imperatives of the independent economy influencing the bourgeois lifeworld can be grasped. Only in a socialist society could, according to Marx, the ban imposed by the system on the world be broken, could the dependence of the superstructure be dissolved from the basis.
>Life world.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Marx I
Karl Marx
Das Kapital, Kritik der politische Ökonomie Berlin 1957

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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