Gender Roles/Rawls: Justice as Fairness evaluates a social system from the position of equal civil rights and the different levels of prosperity and income (See Roles/Rawls.) However, there are natural properties that lead to the unequal distribution of relevant positions and which cannot be changed, e. g. gender roles.
Inequality/solution/Rawls: here the difference principle helps (See Difference Principle/Rawls) to mitigate inequalities: disadvantaged groups must always benefit from inequality. However, such inequalities rarely occur.
In cases of conflict, the interests of a more general viewpoint outweigh the interests of a more individual position._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005