Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Thomas Henry Huxley on Order - Dictionary of Arguments

Gould I 250
Order/Th. H. Huxley/Gould: according to Th. H. Huxley, a living being without inner complexity proved that the organization of life was born from an indeterminate vital force, and not vice versa; "organization is the result of life, not vice versa the result of organization".
, >Simplicity, >Life.
Gould I 248
Huxley discovered a gelatinous mass he called "Bathybius Haeckelii" (today identified as dead supporting structures of algae).
Gould I 250
The predicted shapeless and structureless substance had been found. It stretched over time and space and covered the bottom of the mysterious oceans.
GouldVsHuxley: but why should the formless be equated with the primitive? (These are progress-oriented metaphorics). Only a few organisms are equal to viruses in terms of regularity and recurrence. Simple bacteria have exactly defined forms.
Gould I 251
Later, Bathybius was recognized as an artifact: it occurred whenever mud was preserved in a sample with alcohol.
cf. >Life/Kauffman.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

HuxleyA I
Aldous Huxley
Science, Liberty and Peace London 1946

HuxleyTh I
Thomas Henry Huxley
Lectures On Evolution Whitefish, MT 2010

Gould I
Stephen Jay Gould
The Panda’s Thumb. More Reflections in Natural History, New York 1980
German Edition:
Der Daumen des Panda Frankfurt 2009

Gould II
Stephen Jay Gould
Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes. Further Reflections in Natural History, New York 1983
German Edition:
Wie das Zebra zu seinen Streifen kommt Frankfurt 1991

Gould III
Stephen Jay Gould
Full House. The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin, New York 1996
German Edition:
Illusion Fortschritt Frankfurt 2004

Gould IV
Stephen Jay Gould
The Flamingo’s Smile. Reflections in Natural History, New York 1985
German Edition:
Das Lächeln des Flamingos Basel 1989

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