Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. See also actions, meaning, knowledge.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Giambattista Vico on Understanding - Dictionary of Arguments

Pfotenhauer IV 61
Truth/Vico: Thesis: verum et factum convertuntur - the truth is convertible with the thought, i. e. synonymous. See K. Löwith(1).
History/Vico/Understanding/Kant/Pfotenhauer: Kant took up this idea of Vico in a modified form. He assumed that practical action was possible as a reasonable activity.
, >I. Kant.
This could become visible in opposition to the contingency of the mere factual event. The condition is that this practical action is subject to reason as a normative, value-setting force.
History/HegelVsKant/Hegel: Hegel, on the other hand, wanted the principle of practical philosophy as a binding statement about the actual direction of history to be understood. The events in history would therefore be interpreted as progressive self-realization of the human species under the sign of spiritual spontaneity.
>G.W.F. Hegel.
Pfotenhauer IV 62
Understanding/Vico/Dilthey: Dilthey wanted to adhere to Vico's principle of the general comprehensibility of historical phenomena. This should be asserted against the positivist indifference that was determined to look at history and nature in the same way. (DiltheyVsComte).
>W. Dilthey, >A. Comte.
Dilthey's thesis: Dilthey proposed to interpret the event from the point of view of the objectives of interested, value-oriented subjects. (M. Riedel(2)).

1. K. Löwith, Vico's Principle: verum et factum convertuntur. In: Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophical-Historical Class, Heidelberg 1968.
2. M. Riedel, Verstehen oder Erklären? Stuttgart 1978, p. 19ff.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Vico I
Giambattista Vico
Prinzipien einer neuen Wissenschaft über die gemeinsame Natur der Völker Hamburg 2009

Pfot I
Helmut Pfotenhauer
Die Kunst als Physiologie. Nietzsches ästhetische Theorie und literarische Produktion. Stuttgart 1985

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