Peter Singer on Environment - Dictionary of Arguments
Environment/ecology/ethics/Singer, P.: What kinds of ethical values are relevant when it comes to assessing measures that involve environmental impact? For example, the construction of a dam in a valley that is difficult to access and serves as a recreational area for only a few people,...
...For example, the construction of a paper mill whose effluent is discharged into the sea, for example the commissioning of a new mine on the edge of a national park.
Western tradition is strongly influenced by the Biblical creation myth. This is about mankind subjecting the earth.
Today, many people interpret this as an administrative office. If one then takes it as a yardstick, mankind can orientate itself on God's actions and still justify the greatest interventions.
Nature/Environment/Aristotle/Singer, P.: according to Aristotle plants serve animals, animals serve humans.
Since nothing in nature happens in vain or futile, everything ultimately serves mankind. (Aristotle, Politics (London 1916)).
Nature/Environment/Augustinus/Singer, P.: Augustine follows Aristotle and adds that there is no sin against non-human animals or against the world of nature. (Summa Theologica, II, ii, ii, qu. 64, art. 1, I, ii, qu. 72, art 4.)
Environmental protection/Christian tradition/Singer, P.: according to the Christian tradition, everything is oriented towards people. However, preserving the environment can become important when it comes to protecting people's interests.
Environmental destruction/Singer, P.: the economic value that can be acquired today through the destruction of an irretrievable natural resource, such as a primeval forest, will account for only a fraction of this in a hundred years due to inflation.
Future generations could not even buy back the lost property if it were available._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015