Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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I 238ff
Environment/ecology/ethics/Singer, P.: What kinds of ethical values are relevant when it comes to assessing measures that involve environmental impact? For example, the construction of a dam in a valley that is difficult to access and serves as a recreational area for only a few people,...
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I 239
...For example, the construction of a paper mill whose effluent is discharged into the sea, for example the commissioning of a new mine on the edge of a national park.
Western tradition is strongly influenced by the Biblical creation myth. This is about mankind subjecting the earth.
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I 240
Today, many people interpret this as an administrative office. If one then takes it as a yardstick, mankind can orientate itself on God's actions and still justify the greatest interventions.
Nature/Environment/Aristotle/Singer, P.: according to Aristotle plants serve animals, animals serve humans.
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I 241
Since nothing in nature happens in vain or futile, everything ultimately serves mankind. (Aristotle, Politics (London 1916)).
Nature/Environment/Augustinus/Singer, P.: Augustine follows Aristotle and adds that there is no sin against non-human animals or against the world of nature. (Summa Theologica, II, ii, ii, qu. 64, art. 1, I, ii, qu. 72, art 4.)
Environmental protection/Christian tradition/Singer, P.: according to the Christian tradition, everything is oriented towards people. However, preserving the environment can become important when it comes to protecting people's interests.
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I 242
Environmental destruction/Singer, P.: the economic value that can be acquired today through the destruction of an irretrievable natural resource, such as a primeval forest, will account for only a fraction of this in a hundred years due to inflation.
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I 243
Future generations could not even buy back the lost property if it were available.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

SingerP I
Peter Singer
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011

SingerP II
P. Singer
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015


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