|Singer I 233
Utilitarianism/Climate change/Brad Hooker/Singer, P.: (B. Hooker, Ideal Code, Real World (Oxford, 2000)): Hooker argues for a version of rule utilitarianism that prevents rules from becoming too complicated. He believes that we are acting wrongly if we break a rule that is part of a set of rules that, if internalised by an overwhelming majority of the population, would have the best consequences. If the rules became too complex, people would find it hard to internalize them. The cost of educating people would be too high.
P. Singer: an example of such a complex rule would be: "Only cross the lawn when no one is watching".
Christopher KutzVs: (Chr. Kutz, Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age, Cambridge, 2000): Complicity Principle: If I knowingly participate in the wrong thing others do until I am responsible for what these others do._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality Oxford 2003
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015