|Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Max Weber on Order - Dictionary of Arguments
Habermas III 267
Order/Weber/Habermas: a value sphere to which ideas with social consequences belong can generally only be incompletely embodied in a legitimate order. This is demonstrated by the force built into the structure of norms for action: Norms require sanctions. In the legally organized economic order, Weber shows the relationship between the normative claim to validity and the social order of norms of action based on factual agreement.
If the economic and legal systems are closely related, the latter should not be understood in a legal sense but in a sociological sense, namely as empirical validity. (1)
Habermas III 268
Thus the meaning of "legal order" changes completely; it no longer represents a cosmos logically as "correctly" accessible norms, but as a "complex of factual determination reasons of real human action". (2)
1. M. Weber, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, hrsg. v. J. Winckelmann, Tübingen 1964, p. 240ff
2. Ibid. p. 234._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism - engl. trnsl. 1930
Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus München 2013
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981