|Realism, philosophy: realism is a collective term for theories which, in principle, believe that it is possible for us to acquire knowledge about objects of the external world that is independent from us as perceptual subjects. A strong realism typically represents the thesis that it would make sense to even create hypotheses about basically unknowable objects. See also metaphysical realism, internal realism, universal realism, constructivism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Höffe I 145
Realism/Thomas Aquinas/Höffe: In the course of an explanation, coined by Aristotle, of the variety of meanings of the two title expressions "being" and "essence"(1) Thomas Aquinas' epistemological basic attitude, a critical realism, becomes apparent: One can be certain of the existence of reality, but one can only grasp its "being-like-this-and-not-different" by its effects.
Ethics: In a manner appropriate to the respective subject area, Thomas also shows himself to be a critical realist in ethics and political thinking: There he does not engage in exclusively normative considerations, but always keeps himself open to experience.
1. Thomas, Über das Seiende und das Wesen_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016