Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Morals: morals refers to a more or less coded set of rules, action maxims, duties and prohibitions within a society or group. Most of these rules are unconsciously internalized among the members of the society or group. Their justification and the possible assessment of actions are reflected in ethics and meta ethics. See also values, norms, rights, ethics.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Plato on Morals - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 23
Moral/Platon/Höffe: In Gorgias, Plato deals with a thesis, later made famous by Nietzsche, that morality is a conspiracy of the weak.
Slave Morality/Nietzsche: Nietzsche will speak of slave morality and counter it with a master morality.
Cf. >Morals/Nietzsche
, >Customs/morality7Nietzsche, >Justice/Nietzsche, >Slavery/Nietzsche, >Superhuman/Nietzsche.
Plato: on the other hand, represents the thesis of harmony: There is no conflict between morality and the well understood self-interest. He does not deny that immoral action can occasionally be advantageous, but he claims that the advantages gained from moral action outweigh the profit gained from immoral action.
The justification for the motto "rather suffer injustice than do injustice" is therefore not "moralising",
Höffe I 24
with reference to the unsurpassable dignity of morality, but from the standpoint of enlightened self-interest.
>Polis/Plato, >Politics/Plato.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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