Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

John Stuart Mill on Theories - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 346
Theory/Mill/Höffe: MillVsKant: According to Mill's empiricism, in contrast to Kant and German Idealism, there is no pre-empirical knowledge at all, but only an empirical, i.e. aposterior knowledge.
>a priori
, >Knowledge, >Empiricism, >Idealism.
Even mathematics and logic are said to be based on experience and its inductive generalizations. However, because of the extraordinary amount of evidence for mathematical statements, the appearance of necessity arises.
>Experience.
Höffe I 347
Cognition/Mill: According to Mill, not only scientific-theoretical reasons speak against the possibility of strictly experience-free statements, but additionally the epistemological, at the same time ideology-critical interest to free thinking from the blinders of a dogmatic metaphysics. Aprioristic thinking also supports false doctrines and bad institutions.
>Ideology.
Practice/Theory: With this argument Mill puts all theoretical philosophy, including science and epistemology, in the service of practice. One can speak here of an epistemological liberalism.
>Practice.
Politics: In any case, the uncompromising primacy of the empiricist standpoint acquires a political meaning, the rejection of the a priori a therapeutic, or more precisely, a preventive purpose.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mill I
John St. Mill
A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, London 1843
German Edition:
Von Namen, aus: A System of Logic, London 1843
In
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

Mill II
J. St. Mill
Utilitarianism: 1st (First) Edition Oxford 1998

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016


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