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Nationalism: Nationalism is a feeling of national consciousness, loyalty, or allegiance to one's country. It is often associated with a belief in national sovereignty and the right to self-determination.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Political Philosophy on Nationalism - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 259
Nationalism/Political Philosophy/Kukathas:
Margaret Moore: Nationalism, according to Margaret Moore, is 'a normative argument that confers moral value on national membership, and on the past and future existence of the nation, and identifies the nation with a particular homeland or part of the globe'
(2002(1): 5).
>Nationalism/Moore
.
MooreVsKymlicka/MooreVsMargalit/MooreVsRaz: In this regard, Moore's account is at odds with the arguments of liberal nationalists such as Kymlicka, Margalit, Raz, and Yael Tamir who see nationality as grounded in culture (Kymlicka, 1995a(2); Raz, 1994;(3) Margalit and Raz, 1990(4); Tamir 1993(5)).
Goodin: It has perhaps more in common with Goodin's (1997)(6) suggestion that group attachment is best explained in Bayesian terms, as conventions arising out of an unwillingness of people to expend scarce resources to question the prejudices and presuppositions they grow up with inside their own groups (for a similar analysis see Kukathas, 2002)(7).
Definition/roots:The definition, and also the sources, of nationalism are much disputed, some seeing it as the prod- uct of modernity and others as its cause. (See the differing historical accounts of Gellner, 1983(8); Greenfeld, 1992(9); and Anderson, 1993(10).)
>Individualism, >Community, >Society.
Justification/justifiability: Similarly, the question of the justifiability of nationalism has been much argued about among political theorists.
Liberalism: Among liberal theorists in particular, nationalism is viewed with suspicion, since its emphasis on community and belonging puts it at odds with liberal commitments to individual rights and to freedom and equality as universal values.
>Liberalism.
Often, they are inclined to give it only a qualified endorsement (see McMahan, 1997(11); Hurka, 1997(12); Lichtenberg, 1997(13)). Increasingly, however, liberal theorists (though not only liberal theorists) have begun to look more sympathetically at nationalist aspirations (Tamir 1993(5); Kymlicka, 1995a(2); Kymlicka, 2001(14): 203-89).
Kukathas: This has led to a reconsideration of the claims of nationality in two respects.
1) (...) there is the claim for national self-determination, often associated with demands for independence or secession.
2) (...) there is the claim for the importance of the principle of nationality for the coherence of the state and the pursuit of liberal values in particular.
>Citizenship.
Both kinds of arguments in defence of nationality reveal important conflicts of value with which political theory - and liberal theory in particular - continues to grapple.
>Self-determination/Political Philosophy.

1. Moore, Margaret (2002) The Ethics of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Kymlicka, Will (1995a) Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3. Raz, Joseph (1994) 'Multiculturalism: a liberal perspective'. In his Ethics in the Public Domain. Oxford: Clarendon, 155—76.
4. Margalit, Avishai and Joseph Raz (1990) 'National self- determination'. Journal of Philosophy, 87:439—61.
5. Tamir, Yael (1993) Liberal Nationalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
6. Goodin, Robert E. (1997) 'Conventions and conversions, or why is nationalism sometimes so nasty?' In Robert McKim and Jeff McMahan, eds, The Morality of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 88—106.
7. Kukathas, Chandran (2002) 'Equality and diversity'. Politics, Philosophy and Economics, 1 (2): 185-212.
8. Gellner, Ernest (1983) Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
9. Greenfeld, Liah (1992) Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
10. Anderson, Benedict (1993) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso.
11. McMahan, Jeff (1997) 'The limits of national partiality'. In Robert McKim and Jeff McMahan, eds, The Morality of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 107-38.
12. Hurka, Thomas (1997) 'The justification of national partiality'. In Robert McKim and Jeff McMahan, eds, The Morality of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 139-57.
13. Lichtenberg, Judith (1997) 'Nationalism, for and (mainly) against'. In Robert McKim and Jeff McMahan, eds, The Morality of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 158-75.
14. Kymlicka, Will (2001) Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Citizenship.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kukathas, Chandran 2004. „Nationalism and Multiculturalism“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Political Philosophy
Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004


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