Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Individuals: In philosophy, individuals are entities that are distinct from other entities. They are typically characterized by their own unique properties and experiences. Individuals can be physical objects, such as humans, animals, and plants, or they can be non-physical objects, such as minds, souls, and thoughts. See also Particulars, Individuation.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Thomas Pogge on Individuals - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 128
Individuals/Pogge/Gaus/Mack: Pogge: (...) global redistribution is required to compensate for harms done, as well as to satisfy a version of the Lockean proviso (2002(1): ch. 8; compare Steiner, 1994(2): ch. 8).
, >Libertarianism/Pogge, >Rights/Pogge, >Egalitarianism/Gaus.
GausVsPogge: Note how this argument depends on the idea that there exists an overall global system which is to be the object of our evaluation (rather than, say individual actions), that this system is coercively imposed on the poor, that as a consequence of this system the poor are harmed, and that each one of us is 'deeply implicated' in the harm perpetrated by the system
(2002(1): 142).
Individuals/libertyGausVsPogge: it is important here to note, though, the way that the
argument seeks to avoid the normative individualism of the liberty tradition (...). The idea that
there exists an all-encompassing system in which all participate - it is almost impossible to opt out - and so we are all responsible for the results of the system, makes each individual responsible for all
Gaus I 129
the results of 'the global system', which are almost solely the results of other people's actions and

1. Pogge, Thomas (2002) World Poverty and Human Rights. Oxford: Polity.

Mack, Eric and Gaus, Gerald F. 2004. „Classical Liberalism and Libertarianism: The Liberty Tradition.“ In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Pogge, Thomas
Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004

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