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Political philosophy: Political philosophy explores fundamental questions about governance, justice, and the ideal state, delving into moral principles guiding political systems. - Political theory involves analyzing and developing frameworks, concepts, and explanations for political phenomena, often drawing from philosophical ideas but focusing on practical applications within political systems. See also Political theory, Justice, Governance, State (Polity).
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

John W. Chapman on Political Philosophy - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 100
Political philosophy/Chapman/Gaus: John W. Chapman (1965)(1) argues that all political theories are inherently comprehensive as they combine an account of social reality, epistemology, psychology and ethics to provide political diagnoses and prescriptions.
((s) For comprehensive liberalism see >Liberalism/Waldron
, >Liberalism/Gaus).
Gaus: Liberalism certainly has been understood as a political theory in this sense, a truly comprehensive liberalism - an overall theory of
Gaus I 101
inquiry, social life, as well as the good life and political justice. I have argued elsewhere (Gaus, 2000b) that liberal theory over the last hundred years has been characterized by recurring debates about the psychologies, value theories, epistemologies and theories of self and society, as well as principles of justice that must or may form part of a truly liberal comprehensive philosophy.

1. Chapman, John W. (1965) ‘Political theory: logical structure and enduring types’. In L’Idée de philosophie politique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 57–96.
2. Gaus, Gerald F. (2000b) ‘Liberalism at the end of the century’. Journal of Political Ideologies, 5 (2): 179–99.

Gaus, Gerald F. 2004. „The Diversity of Comprehensive Liberalisms.“ In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Chapman, John W.
Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004

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