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Leo Strauss: Leo Strauss (1899-1973), German-American political philosopher. His major works include Persecution and the Art of Writing (1952), Natural Right and History (1953), and On Tyranny An Interpretation of Xenophon's Hiero (1951). His fields of specialization were political philosophy, classical political philosophy, and interpretation of Plato and Aristotle.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Thomas L. Pangle on Strauss - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 32
Strauss, Leo/Pangle: Increasing dissatisfaction with Spinoza’s arguments against Maimonides helped propel Strauss back to a startling encounter with the medieval rationalism elaborated in the Arab-speaking world by Alfarabi and his successors. There Strauss discovered a forgotten re-enactment of authentic classical political philosophy - a re-enactment that exposed the shallowness and naïveté of all accepted scholarly interpretations of the classics.
Alfarabi
, Avicenna, Averroës, Halevi, and Maimonides taught Strauss to recognize that the Socratic enterprise is centred on a mode of conversational argumentation (‘dialectic’) which, while forging an impregnable foundation for philosophy or science, exposes the theoretical way of life to persecution - a persecution that is understandable, since Socratic or ‘zetetic’ scepticism threatens to corrode grounding opinions essential to healthy, especially republican, civic spirit. The practical response is ‘Socratic rhetoric’: an intricate theory of communication, oral and written, by which otherwise potentially subversive philosophic inquiry is carried on through painstakingly wrought veils that contribute to enhancing and deepening civic life, while they entice the most capable young toward radical questioning.

Thomas L. Pangle, 2004. „Straussian Approaches to the Study of Politics“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Pangle, Thomas L.
Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004


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