Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Europe: Europe is a continent in the northern part of the Earth's hemisphere. It extends over the western fifth of the Eurasian landmass. Europe is geographically separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Post-communist Countries on Europe - Dictionary of Arguments

Krastev I 9
Europe/Post-communist Countries/Krastev: (...) the Central and East European countries ostensibly being democratized were compelled, in order to meet the conditions for EU membership, to enact policies formulated by unelected bureaucrats from Brussels and international lending organizations.(1)
Krastev I 10
The core complaint motivating anti-liberal politics in the region today is that the attempt to democratize formerly communist countries was aiming at a kind of cultural conversion to values, habits and attitudes considered ‘normal’ in the West. >Imitation/Krastev.

1. Trapped in its economics-centred understanding of politics, Brussels finds messianic provincialism in Budapest and Warsaw easy to ridicule but almost impossible to understand. For European bureaucrats, the fact that Poland and Hungary are among the greatest net beneficiaries of EU funding has made their revolt against the EU seem totally irrational. In 2016, for example, Hungary received 4.5 billion euros of European funds, an equivalent of 4 per cent of the country’s economic output. Poland received more than 11 billion euros. That such exceptionally favoured beneficiaries have no right to complain is the master premise of the EU’s Ostpolitik, such as it is.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Post-communist Countries
Krastev I
Ivan Krastev
Stephen Holmes
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019

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