Ibn Khaldun on Politics - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 134
Politik/Ibn Khaldun/Höffe: Ibn Khaldun explicitly with Aristotle considers the human being as a being that is designed for politics and domination. He sees the beginning in rural, tribal solidarity and modest communities.
Cities: In contrast to rural communities, urban societies represent progress by there cultural richness. However, their habituation to growing prosperity leads to a striving for luxury that carries the seeds of decadence and decay.
Community: This path from a modest community to one that is culturally superior, but dominated by well-being is reminiscent of Plato's Politeia, of its transition from the healthy to the luxuriant polis.
Religion: With regard to religion, Ibn Khaldun explains the two driving forces, political energy and religious zeal, as rival powers.
Politics: The fact that in the course of history the political side has gained the upper hand can be interpreted as desacralization and secularization of communities.
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