|Höffe I 129
Virtues/al-Farabi/Höffe: (...) [al-Farabi] follows (...) Aristotle's psychology to a large extent: he distinguishes between ethical and dianoetic virtues(1) and adopts the Mesotes doctrine for the ethical virtues: virtue as the middle between too much and too little, which he explains with Aristotle's examples of prudence, generosity and bravery(2).
Justice: [al-Farabi] (...) adopts (...) Aristotle's distinction of a general justice, which amounts to righteousness, and a special justice, justice in the narrow sense(3).
Mutual assistance: (...) is also reminiscent of Aristotle, who, however, in Politica I 2, is not talking about a desired state: In al-Fārābīs minimal state, mutual aid serves the survival of the citizens, in the ideal state it serves the final happiness(4), which the true king ensures with his art of governing(5).
1.al-Farabi, Aphorisms of the Statesman, I 8
2. Ibid. I 16
3. Ibid. I 60
4. Ibid. I 25
5. Ibid. I 27
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016