|Brocker I 920
Fiscal policy/taxation/statehood/citizen/Mbembe/Herb: In African states, according to Mbembe, the fiscal relationship between the individual and the state is initially a purely violent one; it is not mediated by a public discourse on the common good. In contrast, the political significance of the tax at the beginning of modernity, for example in France, was to create a loyal relationship between the state and the citizen and to provide the state as guardian of order with military force (Mbembe 2016(1),165): "Monopoly of force and monopoly of taxation thus justified and reinforced each other"(166). In the African case, however, this relationship is realised in a different way for Mbembe: It leads to a "new organizational form of power" (167) and a "new political economy", which, however, do not strengthen the connection between state and civil society, authority and loyalty, but rather lead to the "invention of new systems of coercion and strategies of exploitation" (168). >Postcolonialism/Mbembe, >Society/Mbembe.
1. Achille Mbembe, De la postcolonie. Essai sur l’imagination politique dans l’Afrique contemporaine, Paris 2000. Dt.: Achille Mbembe, Postkolonie. Zur politischen Vorstellungskraft im Afrika der Gegenwart, Wien/Berlin 2016
Karlfriedrich Herb, „Achille Mbembe, Postkolonie (2000)“. In: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018