|Realism, philosophy: realism is a collective term for theories which, in principle, believe that it is possible for us to acquire knowledge about objects of the external world that is independent from us as perceptual subjects. A strong realism typically represents the thesis that it would make sense to even create hypotheses about basically unknowable objects. See also metaphysical realism, internal realism, universal realism, constructivism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Realism/Hacking: I m a realist - I believe that there are electrons because we can "spray" them (in an experiment).
Theory realism/Russell/Hacking: has shown that theoretical entities can be mere logical constructions -. e.g. quarks are shorthand for a complex expression - ((s) do not to exist seperately.
Theory realism: theories are true/false independent of our knowledge. - Anti-realism: theories are at best justified, but never believable.
There are electrons not because they are the building blocks, but because they stand in certain causal chains - building blocks do not explain anything.
Realism/Hacking: all the problems with realism only arise because we have alternate representation systems._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Representing and Intervening. Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science, Cambridge/New York/Oakleigh 1983
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996