|Principles, philosophy of science: physical principles are not the same as laws of nature. Rather, laws can be gained from principles or traced back to principles. Examples are the principle of the shortest time, the principle of the smallest effect, the uncertainty principle. See also theories, laws of nature, laws, natural constants._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Christopher Peacocke on Principles - Dictionary of Arguments
Significance/Principle of significance/Peacocke: if we can imagine that an evidence supports a hypothesis, then this is not sufficient to show that the hypothesis is significant. - It could be that either the hypothesis or the evidence is independent of the other.
Principle of sensitivity: it is a priori and necessary that the thinker can on evidence* think for x the thought that x (shortened).
Constitutive Role: everything what meets the requirements of the principle of sensitivity.
Demonstrative/Peacocke: strong principle: ability to experience judgment is necessary for the possession of the term. - Weak Principle:
Identity/Regress/Peacocke: not all beliefs 'a is b' may be based on identification of a, otherwise regress - but also not on sufficient conditions for b - also regress.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983
"Truth Definitions and Actual Languges"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976