Developmental Psychology on Self-Esteem - Dictionary of Arguments
Upton I 120
Self-Esteem/Developmental Psychology/Upton: Self-esteem refers to a general feeling of self-worth and, as such, encompasses all the evaluations we make of our skills and abilities in different domains of life, such as our physical appearance, athletic ability and intellectual skills. In a sense, it is a value judgment we make about how ‘good’ we are and, as such, is influenced by the domain-specific or self-concept evaluations we make. It is important to recognize that self-esteem reflects perceptions that do not always match reality (Baumeister et al., 2003)(1). We tend to make judgments about our abilities in different aspects of our lives based on our successes or failures. However, failure does not automatically lead to low self-esteem. The impact of any failures — or successes — on our global self-esteem depends to a great extent on the importance we place on that aspect of our lives.
(…) it seems likely that self-esteem develops and changes as the child moves into adolescence. Given what we know about gender differences in adolescent perceptions of pubertal body changes and the importance of appearance to adolescent identity, it is perhaps not surprising that there is some evidence that self-esteem declines in adolescence - considerably more for girls than for boys (Robins et al., 2002)(2).
1. Baumeister, RF, Campbell, JD, Krueger, Ji, Vohs, KD Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles? IN: Psychol Sci Public Interest. 2003 May;4(1):1-44. doi: 10.1111/1529-1006.01431. Epub 2003 May 1.
2. Robins, RW, Trzesniewski, KH, Tracey,JL, Gosling, SD and Potter, J (2002) Global self-esteem across the life span. Psychology and Aging, 17:423-34._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology 2011