|Identity: Two objects are never identical. Identity is a single object, to which may be referred to with two different terms. The fact that two descriptions mean a single object may be discovered only in the course of an investigation._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Cultural Psychology on Identity - Dictionary of Arguments
Upton I 120
Identity/Cultural psychology/Upton: (…) [the] developing sense of self can be seen as an important Step on the road to adult independence since, in Western society, the goal of self-development is to establish our individuality or a sense of our own uniqueness and separateness from others. Indeed, in Western society the word ‘identity’ is often taken to be the same thing as uniqueness and individuality; you might test this out by looking in a thesaurus for synonyms of the word identity’. The extent to which this search for individuality is a universal goal of development has, however, been questioned (Guisinger and Blatt. 1994(1). Studies from anthropology have suggested that this Western view, with its emphasis on the distinctiveness of the individual from others, differs from that of other cultures. There is evidence that non-Western cultures have a more socially centred ideal of the person that plays down, rather than draws attention to, the distinction between the self and others (Kim and Berry, 1993)(2). This has led some psychologists to challenge the tradition of emphasizing the importance of the development of the self, and of identity over the development of social relations (Guisinger and Blatt, 1994)(1).
Indeed, there is evidence that connectedness in the form of family relationships and friendships can enhance the search for identity in adolescence (Kamptner, 1988)(3).
1. Guisinger, SJ and Blatt, S (1994) Individuality and relatedness: evolution of a fundamental dialectic. American Psychologist, 49: 104-11.
2. Kim, U and Berry, JW (1993) Indigenous Psychologies: Research and experience in cultural context. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
3 . Kamptner, LN (1988) Identity development in early adolescence: causal modeling of social and familial influences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17:493-513._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology 2011