Behavioral Genetics on Extraversion - Dictionary of Arguments
Corr I 288
Extraversion/Behavioral Genetics/Munafò: A (…) major dimension of current theories of human personality reflects approach-related (or positive emotionality) traits which, broadly defined, encompasses novelty-seeking, sensation-seeking, extraversion and impulsivity traits. Extraversion, as measured using the NEO family of instruments (Costa and McCrae 1997)(1) or those derived from Eysenck’s personality taxonomy (Eysenck and Eysenck 1975)(2), reflects gregariousness, sensation-seeking and high levels of activity. Novelty-seeking, as in questionnaires derived from Cloninger’s theory of personality and temperament (Cloninger 1986)(3), reflects sensitivity to novelty and signals of reward. As with Neuroticism and harm avoidance, while Extraversion and novelty-seeking are not identical constructs, they are thought to be intercorrelated (Doyle, Faraone, Seidman et al. 2005)(4), and may both reflect individual differences in different facets of a common underlying neurobiological motivational mechanism.
1. Costa, P. T., Jr and McCrae, R. R. 1997: Stability and change in personality assessment: the revised NEO Personality Inventory in the year 2000, Journal of Personality Assessment 68: 86–94
2. Eysenck, H. J. and Eysenck, S. B. G. 1975. Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. London: Hodder and Stoughton
3. Cloninger, C. R. 1986. A unified biosocial theory of personality and its role in the development of anxiety states, Psychiatric Developments 4: 167–226
4. Doyle, A. E., Faraone, S. V., Seidman, L. J., Willcutt, E. G., Nigg, J. T., Waldman, I. D. et al. 2005: Are endophenotypes based on measures of executive functions useful for molecular genetic studies of ADHD?, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 46: 774-803
Marcus R. Munafò,“Behavioural genetics: from variance to DNA“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.)2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018