|Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Developmental Psychology on Method - Dictionary of Arguments
Upton I 18
A. Cross-sectional research involves looking at groups of people of differing ages. For example, if you are interested in how the self-concept differs in childhood and adolescence, you could compare a group of 10 year olds to a group of 14 year olds. This approach is commonly used because it is easy to complete and takes little time.
VsCross-sectional approach/Problem: The main limitation is that, even if you find that self-concept is different for your two groups of children, it is difficult to be sure of the extent to which this is due to age or some other cohort factor such as experiences at school.
Solution: The only way to determine whether or not changes are age-related is to carry out a longitudinal study.
B. Longitudinal study: This involves looking at the same group of people over a long period of time.
VsLongitudinal study/Problem: The main limitation with this type of research is that it is expensive and requires a large amount of time and dedication from both researchers and participants._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology 2011