|Brocker I 851
State/Pettit: Pettit sees the state primarily as a political agency with the task of promoting the freedom of the individual and protecting it from foreign domination. For this freedom-oriented state regulation, Pettit reserves the term "interference", a kind of freedom-guaranteeing intervention of the state. (1)
Brocker I 852
There can therefore be state interference without impairing individual freedom. See Interventions/Pettit, Individual/Pettit.
Brocker I 853
Pettit sees justified state intervention primarily as a "regime of law" which, although it intervenes in individual forms of life, should serve to protect their freedom of design through legal guarantees. (2)
Brocker I 854
State theory/Pettit: Pettit's model assumes serious prerequisites: In the state, there must actually already be a legitimate idea of fair legislation and "good governance" before the justification of laws, of state intervention and of state distribution policy can be assessed. Pettit, however, refuses, also in later works, a stronger accentuation of civic togetherness and its function in dealing with political questions, which ultimately also generates ideas of "good governance". At this point, Pettit's fluctuation between republicanism and liberalism can be seen. (3)(4)(5) See Liberalism/Pettit, Republicanism/Pettit.
Brocker I 857
"Popular sovereignty"/Pettit: According to Pettit, "popular sovereignty" includes the responsibility of each individual for common political concerns, the possibility of participating in them, and thus the reduction of state and government functions to a fiduciary decision-making authority that can be called into question and revised at any time. These passages of his work stand in clear contrast to the concentration on the institutional frameworks, which are necessary for securing a freedom removed from arbitrariness, emphasized in the preceding parts.
1. Philip Pettit, Republicanism. A Theory of Freedom and Government, Oxford 1997, S. 63-66
2. Ebenda S. 36
3. Nicholas Southwood 2»Beyond Pettit’s Neo-Roman Republicanism: Towards the Deliberative Republic«, in: Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5/1, 2002,S. 27, 33
4. Maynor, John W., Republicanism in the Modern World, Cambridge/Malden, Mass. 2003.
5. Goldsmith, Martin M., »Republican Liberty Reconsidered«, in: History of Political Thought 21/3, 2000, S. 555f
Emanuel Richter, „Philip Pettit, Republicanism“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Just Freedom: A Moral Compass for a Complex World New York 2014
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018