|Brocker I 843
Conflicts/Huntington: Thesis: The "clash of cultures is a tribal conflict on a global scale". (1) This conflict cannot be resolved by peaceful means.
Def Fault Line Conflict/Terminology/Huntington: takes place at a local level.
Def Core State Conflict: is a conflict of global scale. Example: Opposition Christianity-Islam. Example: Opposition China-Japan. Some of these conflicts have lasted for more than a thousand years.
Brocker I 844
New coalitions/Huntington: could result between Russia and the West; Japan could turn more towards the Asian cultural area; India could position itself against China.
Fault line conflicts: can break out between groups, associations and states. Their persistence is linked to unresolved identity issues, most of which involve religious disputes.
Problem: the danger of such conflicts lies in the fact that third countries could feel attracted to one of the conflict parties and forced to intervene due to their cultural proximity.
Civil War/Huntington: Thesis: about half of all civil wars of the 1940s and 1950s - and about three quarters of such struggles in the following decades - were fought as conflicts over cultural identity. (2)
Brocker I 845
Fault line conflicts: typical course: three phases: Intensification, expansion, containment, interruption and - rarely - settlement". (3) Moderate forces radicalized themselves in the course of these conflicts, while the group identity - in most cases religious affiliation - became the dominant characteristic. Community or multiple identities hardly play a role anymore as the degree of radicalisation increases, and the risk of escalation would increase. Neighbouring, virtually unaffected groups as well as more powerful third countries are fighting on one side or the other of the fault line conflict.
Fault line conflicts: tend to flare up again and are only discontinued if they are in the interests of neighbouring countries or interested third countries (see "Kin countries", Terminology/Huntington). (4)
Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, New York 1996. Dt.: Samuel P. Huntington, Kampf der Kulturen. Die Neugestaltung der Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, München/Wien 1998 (zuerst 1996).S. 331
2. Ebenda S. 415
3. Ebenda S. 434
4. Ebenda S. 480
Philipp Klüfers/Carlo Masala, „Samuel P. Huntington, Kampf der Kulturen“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Samuel P. Huntington
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order New York 1996
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018