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History: History is the study of the past, especially the people, events, and trends that have shaped our world. This is about the part of the past that was determined and experienced by consciousness. See also Historiography, Culture.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Samuel P. Huntington on History - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 835
History/Huntington: Huntington understands the history of mankind as "history of cultures". (1) He radically redirects the political science attention traditionally focused on major powers, political alliances and systemic confrontations to the global significance of cultures. While the work met with harsh criticism in academic circles, it had a considerable influence on US strategic thinking (2) and undeniably gained popularity after the attacks of September 11, 2001 (3).
, >Cultural values, >Cultural tradition, >Society, cf. >Western rationalism.
Brocker I 846
Culture War/Cultural Epoch/Quigley/Huntington: Huntington's first reaction to the periodization of cultural historical development proposed by Carroll Quigley (1961 (4)). According to this, the West is currently on the threshold of its "golden age" (5), after conflicts within its cultural sphere had become unthinkable. However, the end of the western expansion project, according to Quigley, also meant a gradual decline.
HuntingtonVsQuigley: object to this pessimistic view that history can only show that "much is likely but nothing is inevitable" (6).

1. Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, New York 1996. Dt.: Samuel P. Huntington, Kampf der Kulturen. Die Neugestaltung der Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, München/Wien 1998 (zuerst 1996).S. 49
2. Richard Bonney False Prophets. The ›Clash of Civilizations‹ and the Global War on Terror, Oxford 2008. S. 35
3. Amartya Sen Die Identitätsfalle. Warum es keinen Krieg der Kulturen gibt, München 2007, S. 54
4. Carroll Quigley The Evolution of Civilizations. An Introduction to Historical Analysis, New York 1961.
5. Huntington 1998, S. 497
6. Ebenda S. 499

Philipp Klüfers/Carlo Masala, „Samuel P. Huntington, Kampf der Kulturen“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolHunt I
Samuel P. Huntington
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order New York 1996

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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