|Brocker I 551
Future/Growth/Model/World3/Meadows: focused on five macroeconomic variables: population, food production, industrial production, raw material stocks and environmental pollution (1). All five variables are characterized by exponential growth.
Problem: even food production can only be increased linearly.
Precursors of the publication The Limits of Growth (1) by Meadows were:
Paul Ehrlich, The Polulation Bomb (1968)
Gordon Rattray Taylor: The Doomsday Book: Can the World Survive? 1970
Shortly after The Limits of Growth appeared: Barry Commoner, The Closing Circle: Nature, Man, and Technology.
Forerunner in the broader sense: Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834):
Population Law/Malthus: an exponential population growth will always be limited by food production that can only be increased linearly.
Growth forecasts: after the Second World War there were also precursors for Meadows: William Vogt and Henry Fairfield Osborn.
Meadows: see also Model/Meadows.
Brocker I 558
Further forerunners: In the mid-1960s, US economist Kenneth E. Boulding (1910-1993) and British economist and environmental politician Barbara Ward (1914-1981) shaped the powerful metaphor of "spaceship Earth". In 1968, the American architect and designer Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) published an operating manual for the spaceship Earth.
1. Vgl. Donella H. Meadows/Dennis L. Meadows/Jørgen Randers/William W. Behrens III, The Limits to Growth. A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind, New York 1972. Dt.: Dennis Meadows/Donella Meadows/Erich Zahn/Peter Milling, Die Grenzen des Wachstums. Bericht des Club of Rome zur Lage der Menschheit, Stuttgart 1972.
Patrick Kupper, „Dennis Meadows u. a., Die Grenzen des Wachstums“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Dennis L. Meadows
Dynamics of Growth in a Finite World Cambridge 1973
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018