Iris Marion Young on Democracy - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 147
Democracy/Iris Marion Young/Dryzek: While social choice critics of democracy fear the
unmanageable diversity that deliberation can encourage, (>Deliberative democracy/Social choice theory) difference democrats criticize deliberation for exactly the opposite reason: that it represses
To greater or lesser degrees difference democrats take their bearings from the postmodern theory of identity and difference, in which the essence of democracy is seen in terms of the creative encounter of those with disparate identities (for example, Connolly, 1991)(1). Just as for the deliberative democrats, the core of democracy is therefore seen as communication. However, difference democrats problematize communication, and criticize the allegedly neutral forms of communication emphasized by deliberative democrats for their cultural biases.
Iris Marion Young: Notably, Iris Young (2000)(2) argues (in a US context) that any main or exclusive emphasis on rational argument further disadvantages minorities who are not well versed in its niceties. Her 'communicative democracy' would feature greeting, rhetoric, and storytelling (or testimony, or narrative) as well as argument - forms of communication she believes are more accessible to disadvantaged minorities. This resonates with Young's earlier (1990)(3) advocacy of guaranteed representation and veto power over policies that affect them for disadvantaged groups.
DryzekVsYoung, Iris Marion: However, Young's trio ((s) greeting, rhetoric, and storytelling) should not be accepted uncritically, as she eventually recognizes (2000(2): 77-80). Instead, they need to be held up to the tests of non-coercion, capacity to induce reflection, and ability to link the particular with the general (Dryzek, 2000(4): 68-71).
1. Connolly, William E. (1991) Identity/Difference: Democratic Negotiations of Political Paradox. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
2. Young, Iris Marion (2000) Inclusion and Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3. Young, Iris Marion (1990) Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
4. Dryzek, John S. (2000) Deliberative Democracy and Beyond: Liberals, Critics, Contestations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dryzek, John S. 2004. „Democratic Political Theory“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004