G.W.F. Hegel on War - Dictionary of Arguments
War/Hegel/Höffe: That the philosophy of law(1) in a world history ends up being a "slaughterhouse" and not, as with Kant, culminates in the highest political good, eternal peace, hardly earns Hegel any sympathy. Seen from today's perspective, from the dominance of a universalistic ethics of law with the idea of human rights and an increasing juridification of interstate relations, Kant appears superior.
HegelVsKant: Moreover, Hegel (...) rejects the idea of eternal peace, regards wars as indispensable for the "moral health" of peoples, and is content for interstate relations with an international law that does without a world legal order, and even without its modest precursor, a confederation of states.
Instead of denying war any legitimacy, [Hegel] considers war since his "Differenzschrift"(2) as value for "the moral health of the peoples" necessary. He compares war with the effect of wind, which is beneficial for lakes.
Höffe I 340
For as without him water would go into decay, so would a lasting or even an eternal peace "have an effect on the peoples". It is not considered that there are, as with lakes by influx of meltwater, brooks and rivers, so with peoples - according to Kant's thoughts of "unsociable sociability" - in the form of ambition, lust for power and greed, generally by manifold competition, also inner moving forces preventing the solidification. >Cosmopolitanism/Hegel.
1. Hegel, Vorlesungen zur Philosophie der Geschichte 1821-32 ed. by E. Gans 1837
2. Hegel, Differenz des Fichteschen und Schellingschen Systems der Philosophie, 1801_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016